Dallas College is committed to the safety and security of students, faculty, staff, and visitors on its campuses. In order to support that commitment, college staff have conducted a thorough review of the emergency mitigation, prevention, preparedness, response, and recovery procedures relevant to natural and manmade emergencies and disasters.
The Emergency Operations Plan that follows is the official procedure of Dallas College. It is a result of a comprehensive review and update of College policies in the context of its locations in the cities and airports of Dallas County and the County of Dallas in which they lie; as well as the State of Texas and matters pertaining to national response in the United States of America. We support its recommendations and commit this institution’s resources to the ongoing training, exercise, and maintenance required of this plan and its supporting documents.
This plan is a blueprint that relies on the commitment and expertise of individuals within and outside of the college community. Furthermore, clear communication with emergency management officials and ongoing monitoring of emergency management practices and advisories is essential.
The approval of this plan provides clear delegation of authority for the Public Safety and Security staff, as defined by the National Incident Management System, to conduct operations during events and incidents when activated.
Dr. Joe May
Approval and Implementation
Dallas College - Emergency Operations Plan
This Emergency Operations Plan (EOP) is hereby approved for Dallas College. This plan shall apply to all College personnel participating in mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery efforts. Furthermore, the EOP may be applied to any College College-sponsored events, whether on or off campus, and all public or private College sanctioned activities. This plan is effective immediately and supersedes all previous editions.
This Emergency Operations Plan (EOP) is established and authorized by the Chancellor and Chief Executive Officer of Dallas College through the authority of the elected Board of Trustees and established Board Policy. Emergency management plans and operations derive their creation and implementation authority through local policy, state law, and federal law. The persons fulfilling functional positions within this plan are authorized to perform their duties through the policies and laws in this section and are described further in the sections: Organization and Assignment of Responsibilities, Direction and Control, and/or this plan’s supporting documents. Failure to comply with the authorized emergency management plan is an offense under Texas Government Code Sec. 418.173(a) where a state, local, or interjurisdictional emergency management plan may provide that failure to comply with the plan or with a rule, order, or ordinance adopted under the plan is an offense. Under Texas Government Code Sec. 418.173(b) failure to comply with this authorized plan is an offense punishable by a fine that does not exceed $1,000 or confinement in jail for a term that exceeds 180 days.
- Board of Trustees College Policy, CGC (Safety Program - Emergency Plans and Alerts)
- Board of Trustees College Policy, CG (Safety Program)
- Inter-local Agreements, Memorandums of Understanding, and Established Contracts
- Education Code, Chapter 37, Sec. 37.108 (Multi-hazard Emergency Operations Plan; Safety and Security Audit)
- Government Code, Chapter 418 (Emergency Management)
- Government Code, Chapter 421 (Homeland Security)
- Government Code, Chapter 433 (State of Emergency)
- Government Code, Chapter 791 (Inter-local Cooperation Contracts)
- Health & Safety Code, Chapter 778 (Emergency Management Assistance Compact)
- Executive Order of the Governor Relating to Emergency Management
- Executive Order of the Governor Relating to the National Incident Management System
- Administrative Code, Title 37, Part 1, Chapter 7 (Division of Emergency Management)
- The Texas Homeland Security Strategic Plan, Parts I and II, December 15, 2003
- The Texas Homeland Security Strategic Plan, Part III, February 2004
- Jeanne Clery Act, 34 C.F.R. 668.46
- Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief & Emergency Assistance Act, (as amended), 42 U.S.C. 5121
- Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act, 42 USC Chapter 116
- Emergency Management and Assistance, 44 CFR
- Hazardous Waste Operations & Emergency Response, 29 CFR 1910.120
- Homeland Security Act of 2002
- Homeland Security; Presidential Policy Directive. PPD-8, National Preparedness
- Homeland Security Presidential Directive. HSPD-5, Management of Domestic Incidents
- Homeland Security Presidential Directive, HSPD-3, Homeland Security Advisory System
- National Incident Management System
- National Response Plan
- National Strategy for Homeland Security, July 2002
- Nuclear/Radiological Incident Annex of the National Response Plan
Purpose, Scope, Situation, and Assumptions
This purpose of this plan is to outline The College's approach to all-hazard emergency operations. It represents a series of best practice guidelines and general guidance for emergency management activities and an overview of The College's methods of prevention, mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery.
The plan describes The College's emergency response organization and assigns responsibilities for various emergency tasks. The plan and its corresponding annexes provide the framework for responding to major emergencies that threaten the health and safety of the college community or seriously disrupt programs and operations.
The College has developed this plan in order to promote a secure and resilient collegiate environment with the capabilities required across the whole community to prevent, protect against, mitigate, respond to, and recover from hazards facing the community.
In any emergency situation, the overriding goals of Dallas College are to:
- Protect life
- Secure College infrastructure and facilities
- Resume instruction and all academic programs
This Emergency Operations Plan (EOP) applies to Dallas College. It may be implemented across all College properties, owned or leased, in all counties in which the College operates, and for all activities in which the College participates during an emergency situation.
The emergency situations in which this plan applies consist of a broad range of incidents that include, but
are not limited to:
- Bomb Threats / Detonations
- Civil Disturbances
- Epidemic / Infectious Disease
- Violent Intruders (To Include Intruder Lock-downs)
- Fires and explosions
- Hazardous Materials Releases
- Hazardous Weather
- Mass Casualty Events
- Search and Rescue Incidents
- Study Abroad Incidents
- Transportation Accidents
Dallas College operates as one college in Dallas County. Texas Education Code § 130.190 defines the service area of Dallas College to include all of Dallas County, and all territory included in the Carrollton-Farmers Branch Independent School District (a portion of which is in adjacent Collin County and Denton County). The College lies in FEMA Region VI, Texas DPS Region 1, and Disaster District 4B.
The College population of 77,247 credit student enrollment and 6,137 full and part-time employees, as indicated in the Spring 2019 Dallas College Data Depot in myPortal.
The College operates its own public safety and security agency to include a police department with sworn Texas Peace Officers. The College does not operate its own emergency medical or fire response agency. College leadership has the capability of utilizing this plan for maintaining continuity and coordinating recovery efforts. For any medical emergency, fire emergency, or police emergency of a large scale, outside resources will be required. Established inter-local agreements, contracts, and cooperative working relationships with outside agencies, as well as emergency response training provided to the faculty, staff, and students, build college response capability. Administrative support of this plan and its annexes bolsters the capability of emergency response personnel to perform the duties as outlined in these documents.
The Hazard Mitigation Plan, as outlined in the Hazard Mitigation Annex, has developed goals, objectives, and courses of action to mitigate the effects of those threat and hazard events identified as having the highest prevalence and/or potential impact. Mitigation actions for The College include multiple and diverse efforts related to preventative measures, property protection measures, natural resource protection, emergency services measures, structural projects, and public information and education activities.
The College is exposed to many hazards, all of which have the potential for disrupting the community, causing casualties, and damaging or destroying public or private property. A table of the major hazards is provided in Figure 1.
Emergency planning requires a commonly accepted set of assumed operational conditions that provide a foundation for establishing protocols and procedures. These assumptions are called planning assumptions, and the standard practice is to base planning on the potential worst-case conditions. These assumptions indicate areas where adjustments to the plan have to be made ad hoc, as any emergency or disaster evolves. This emergency operations plan assumes the following:
- It is assumed that any emergency or disaster individually or in combination with other emergencies may cause a serious situation for the College. It is also assumed that these incidents will vary in size and intensity. For this reason, planning efforts are made as general as possible so that great latitude is available in their application and considering the potential for simultaneous occurrence of emergencies or disasters in multiple locations.
- The College will continue to be exposed to and subject to the impact of those hazards described above and as well as lesser hazards and others that may develop in the future.
- It is possible for a major disaster to occur at any time and at any place. In many cases, dissemination of warning to the public and implementation of increased readiness measures may be possible. However, some emergency situations occur with little or no warning.
- Outside assistance will be available in most emergency situations affecting our College. Since it often takes time to summon external assistance, it is essential for us to be prepared to carry out the initial emergency response on an independent basis to the best of our ability.
- Proper mitigation actions, such as awareness and education, following disaster resilient and code conforming construction guidelines, floodplain management, and fire inspections, can prevent or reduce disaster-related losses.
- Detailed emergency planning, training of emergency responders and other personnel, and conducting periodic emergency drills and exercises can improve our readiness to deal with emergency situations.
- For The College, severe weather hazards pose the most probable threat of emergency conditions. As a result, the following planning assumptions were incorporated into this plan:
- Critical lifeline utilities may be interrupted, including water delivery, electrical power, natural gas, telephone communications, microwave and repeater based radio systems, cellular telephones, and information technology systems.
- Regional and local services may not be available.
- Major roads, overpasses, bridges, and local streets may be damaged.
- Buildings and structures may be damaged.
- Damage may cause injuries and displacement of people in the community.
- Normal suppliers may not be able to deliver materials.
- Contact with families and households of the College community may be interrupted.
- People may become stranded on campus, and conditions may be unsafe to travel off campus.
- Emergency conditions that affect campus will likely affect the surrounding community.
- The College may not receive outside assistance in rapid damage assessment and will need to conduct its own situation analysis and deployment of onsite resources and management of emergency operations on campus, through the College EOC while emergency conditions exist.
- Communication and exchange of information will be one of the highest priority operations for the college EOC.
Concept of Operations
The objectives of our emergency management program and this operations plan are to protect public health and safety and preserve public and private property. To achieve these objectives in a structured manner this plan supports:
Organization, which will:
- Provide guidelines for the most critical functions during an emergency response.
- Provide an easy-to-follow format in which users can quickly determine their roles, responsibilities, and primary tasks.
- Link and coordinate processes, actions and the exchange of critical information into an efficient and real-time overall response, in which all entities have access to the emergency response process and know what is going on at the college(s).
Communications and Information Management, which will:
- Serve as the central point of communications both for receipt and transmission of urgent information and messages.
- Serve as the official point of contact for the College during emergencies when normal channels are interrupted.
- Provide 24-hour, comprehensive communication services for voice, data and operational systems.
- Collect and collate all disaster information for notification, public information, documentation and post-incident analysis.
- Provide a basis for training staff and organizations in emergency response management.
Decision Making, which will serve as a reference for:
- Determining the level of response and extent of emergency control and coordination that should be activated when incidents occur, through a clear decision process.
Response Operations, which will provide guidance for:
- Utilizing college resources to implement a comprehensive and efficient emergency operations team.
- Continuously preparing a pro-active emergency response guide, for the possibilities and eventualities of emerging incidents.
Recovery Operations, which will provide guidance for:
- Transitioning response operations over to normal management processes as able.
- Supporting business resumption plans and processes, as needed, during restoration phases.
- Providing documentation and information support to the state and federal disaster assistance programs.
This section provides a clear methodology to realize goals and objectives for execution of the EOP. It describes general requirements and a sequence of response concepts employed by The College.
- As required by Texas Education Code Statute 37.108, Dallas College will adopt and implement a multi-hazard emergency operations plan for use in the College's facilities. The plan will provide emergency management services and facilitate prevention, protection, mitigation, response, and recovery actions for presenting emergency or disaster situations.
- It is the College's responsibility to protect public health & safety and to preserve property from the effects of hazardous events. The College has the primary role in identifying, mitigating, preparing for, responding to, and managing the recovery from hazards and emergency situations that affect the College community.
- It is necessary for the campus community to prepare themselves to cope with emergency situations and manage their affairs and property in ways that will aid the College in managing emergencies. The College will assist the campus community in carrying out these responsibilities by providing training, public information, and instructions prior to and during emergency situations.
- The College is responsible for organizing, training, and equipping public safety and emergency management personnel, providing appropriate emergency facilities, providing suitable warning and communications systems, and for establishing inter-local agreements or relationships for emergency services.
- To achieve these general objectives, the College has organized an emergency management program that is both integrated (employs the resources of the College, local government, organized volunteer groups, and businesses) and comprehensive (addresses mitigation, prevention, preparedness, response, and recovery). This plan is one element of the preparedness activities.
- This plan is based on an all-hazard approach to emergency planning. It addresses general functions that may need to be performed during any emergency situation and is not a collection of plans for specific types of incidents.
- Positions, departments, and agencies tasked in this plan are expected to develop and keep current standard operating procedures that describe how emergency tasks will be performed. Departments and agencies are charged with ensuring the training and equipment necessary for an appropriate response are in place.
- This plan is based upon the concept that the emergency functions that must be performed by many departments or agencies, generally parallel to some of their normal day-to-day functions. To the extent possible, the same personnel and material resources used for day-to-day activities will be employed during emergency situations. Because personnel and equipment resources are limited, some routine functions that do not contribute directly to the emergency may be suspended for the duration of an emergency. The personnel, equipment, and supplies that would normally be required for those functions will be redirected to accomplish emergency tasks.
- The College has adopted the National Incident Management System (NIMS) in accordance with the President’s Homeland Security Directive (HSPD)-5. The adoption of NIMS will provide a consistent approach to the effective management of situations involving natural or man-made disasters, or terrorism. NIMS allows for the
integration of response activities using a set of standardized organizational structures designed to improve interoperability between all levels of government, private sector, and nongovernmental organizations.
- This plan, in accordance with the National Response Framework (NRF), is an integral part of the national effort to prevent, and reduce America’s vulnerability to terrorism, major disasters, and other emergencies, minimize the damage and recover from attacks, major disasters, and other emergencies that occur. In the event of an incident of national significance, as defined in HSPD-5, the College will integrate all operations with all levels of government, private sector, and nongovernmental organizations through the use of NRF coordinating structures, processes, and protocols.
Phases of Emergency Management
The College recognizes that most emergencies occur with little or no advance emergencies occur with little or no advance warning, requiring near-immediate activation of this plan and the commitment and deployment of all obligated resources and personnel. The coordination of this response is achieved through five emergency management phases. While not every emergency or disaster will require coordination through all phases, general response activities and emergency operations are accomplished through phase-specific objectives.
The prevention phase focuses on preventing human-impact hazards, primarily from potential natural disasters or terrorist (both physical and biological) attacks. Preventive measures are designed to provide more permanent protection from disasters; however, not all disasters can be prevented. This phase has much in common with the mitigation phase, but is considered to be applicable to areas where actions can exceed mitigation’s mere hazard impact reduction and prevent impacts entirely.
The preparedness phase includes activities to develop operational capabilities and effective responses to emergency situations or disasters. The College's goal under preparedness is to increase readiness and resiliency. Preparedness activities include the following:
- Emergency Planning
- Providing emergency equipment and facilities
- Conducting or arranging appropriate training for emergency responders, emergency management personnel, other local officials, and volunteer groups who assist the College during emergencies.
- Conducting periodic drills and exercises to test plans and training.
- Campus community information sharing, education, and outreach
- College and department-level policies and procedures
Coordination and response actions are transitioned from the preparedness to the response phase when a hazard is recognized as active or imminent. The goals of response actions for the College surround protection of life, property, the environment, and the continuity of instruction and operation. Tactical response operations will utilize the incident command system (ICS) and establishing an incident command post (ICP). All response phase decisions are designed as protective measures and are made via execution of a decision process that is outlined below.
Pre-Impact Response Phase: Hazard Control and Assessment. The College will act to perceive and assess the threat or hazard and begin to select control and mitigation strategies. Primary operational priorities may include the following:
- Dissemination of accurate and timely emergency information and warnings
- Intelligence gathering and assessment of the evolving situation
- Resource allocation and coordination
- Incident access and control
Impact Response Phase: Protective Action Implementation. In this phase, the College will select protective action(s) appropriate to the evolving situation and deploy additional primary and support resources. Operational priorities may include the following:
- Dissemination of accurate and timely emergency information and warnings
- Law enforcement action and scene security
- Emergency medical services (EMS), fire services, search, and Hazmat
- Evacuation on small or large scales
- Public health interventions
- Determination of need for mutual aid
- Engaging plans for continuity of instruction and operation
Assessment and Allocation of Short-term Needs. Short-term operational needs are determined and dependent upon actions and assessment during the Impact Response Phase. These operations often transcend the response and recovery phases. Short-term needs may include the following:
- Dissemination of accurate and timely emergency information and warnings
- Shelter operations
- Access and security adjustments
- Determination of need for (continued) mutual aid
Following stabilization of the emergency or disaster situation and resolution or establishment of life-safety issues, the College will shift operational focus to recovery. Examples of recovery programs include resumption of regular instruction, restoration of college student and administrative services, debris removal, restoration of utilities, disaster mental health services, and reconstruction of damaged facilities. Recovery priorities may include the following:
- Continuing continuity of instruction and operation efforts
- Physical restoration of essential services, facilities, and infrastructure
- Establishing and implementing restoration priorities
- Short-term operations seek to restore vital services to the College and provide for the basic needs of those stranded on campus
- Long-term recovery focuses on restoring the college to its normal state
The Mitigation Phase transcends all phases of emergency management, as it involves actions that occur prior to, during, and after an emergency or disaster event. Mitigation focuses on reducing the impact of hazards which exist and are a threat to life, property, and the environment.
Emergency Operations Center
The College does not operate a 24-hour dedicated emergency operations center (EOC). A stand-up multi-use EOC facility is available for College use in any emergency or disaster. The function of the EOC is to provide a centralized focus of authority and information to allow face-to-face coordination among personnel who must make decisions regarding priorities in the use of resources. Only minor activation level events or situations requiring
social distancing protocols allow for the use of a virtual emergency operations center (VEOC), by internet chat or video conference, at the discretion of the College emergency management coordinator.
The College EOC must provide for:
- An operations area (to perform emergency response and management functions);
- A conference/media room (for meetings and press briefings);
- A space that may be quickly secured (to prohibit unauthorized access);
- A location with redundant power (to continue operations in the event of power failure); and
- A location with internet and telephone access (to maintain communications, information gathering, and coordination functions).
The College EOC follows command and control concepts described in the NIMS and the NRF to interface with ICS as it is utilized at the ICP. The EOC will activate when a hazard has or may present conditions of such a magnitude that a large commitment of resources from numerous sources may be required over an extended period of time or other implementation of College command and control measures are needed.
The function of the EOC is to:
- Receive and disseminate warnings;
- Coordinate emergency operations between agencies and organizations;
- Develop policies and determine the state of emergency for College officials;
- Collect intelligence from and disseminate information to the various EOC representatives, other jurisdictions, state, and federal agencies;
- Maintain current situational maps and information display boards;
- Prioritize response and the allocation of resources;
- Control and coordinate the operations and logistical support resources;
- Manage communications and public information in crisis situations; and
- Coordinate mutual aid.
EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTER (EOC) LEVELS OF EOC ACTIVATION
|Level Description||Example Situation||Notification||Action||EOC Facility|
|Normal||Routine, day-to-day operations||No adverse conditions exist||Any observed anomalies are reported through normal chain of command||Normal mitigation and planning/exercising activities - ongoing||Closed|
|Watch||Greater potential, but no immediate threat to life or property
||Specific to developing weather conditions; Special Events||Chief and EMC; Dallas College Police; Facilities Services In most cases by NWS||Notified of condition||Closed|
|Warning: Situation Must Be a Specific Threat to Dallas College for an EOC Standby |
- Hazardous conditions exist or are predicted to exist
- Public warning needed
- Significant potential risk
- Specific to developing weather conditions
- Special Events
- Chief, Emergency Mgmt. & Mar/Com
- Facilities Services
- Dallas College Police
- Section Chiefs & back-ups
- Notified & placed on standby
- Mar/Com, Commissioner and EMC monitor situation
incident exists – ICS activated; responders at scene; responding department is responsible for handling or escalating the response
- Facility break down (power outage, flooding )
- Routine EMS
- Grass Fire
- Level 1 Hazmat
- Street flooding
- Communicable disease in 1 -10 people
- Emergency Mgmt. on standby
- Chief and EMC
- Dallas College Police; City Fire/EMS
- Facilities Services
- City’s EMCs, County, & RLO
- Response of appropriate campussafety, or campus works Depts.
- Mar/Com, Commissioner and EMC monitor situation
- Contact established with affected population;
- No mass notification
|Closed; situation is handled by 1 or 2 departments (e.g. Police and Facilities Services)|
- Escalation to non-routine
- Or Planned Event
- Multi-departmental response;
- Assistance from some cities, or non- governmental agencies may occur
- Multi-alarm fire
- Communicable disease in > patients
- Level 2 Hazmat
- Major flooding or major severe weather damage
- Suspected WMD / Bio
- Extended SWAT or Law Enforcement Situation
- Chief, Emergency Mgmt. & Mar/Com
- Police Fire/EMS
- Facilities Services
- Section Chiefs & back-ups
- City’s EMCs, County, & RLO
- Other Agencies alerted and on standby
- EMC, Police monitor or may respond to scene
- EOC may be partially activated or fully activated –primarily for coordination of response efforts and information-sharing
|EOC is opened and expanded as needed; could be a limited or full staffing of EOC |
- Escalation to a
- Help from other jurisdictions (mutual aid), or the State may be required
- Local area disaster or multi-site incident
- Multi-alarm fire
- Level 3 hazmat
- Major communicable disease outbreak >100 people
- Confirmed WMD / Bio
- Confirmed disease outbreak
- Extensive tornado / severe weather damage
- Large scale evacuation
- Mass care / sheltering needed
- Law Enforcement situation involving outside agency response
- Executive Group
- Emergency Mgmt. & Com
- Facilities Services
- Police Fire/EMS
- Section Chiefs & back-ups
- On stand-by:
- City’s EMCs, County, & RLO
- External government agencies and non- governmental agencies as needed
- EOC Open and Staffed:
- Executive policy group engaged
- Coordinated response of public safety, other departments and external agencies
- Open–fully staffed
- Most likely a Unified Command Structure
- State and/or federal help/aid needed
- Same – with extensive additions
- Same as above with State and Federal assistance
Organization and Assignment of Responsibilities
In addition to routine day-to-day responsibilities, all departments and divisions in the College maintain obligations to emergency functions to provide the most effective and efficient emergency operations in the College. Each department is responsible for understanding these obligations, as well as maintaining professional development practices, training, and plans (as necessary) provided by College emergency management to maintain its own emergency preparedness. All positions and departments within the College are components of the coordinated effort of emergency management and must understand their roles and scopes in the process.
The organizational structure used in the College during emergencies originates from four sources: The State of Texas Emergency Operations Plan, National Incident Management System, and the National Response Framework. A hybrid model of the traditional ICS structure blended with the ESF model is utilized in the EOC. At incident scenes traditional and accepted ICS structures are used. The organizational structure is configured this way to maximize compatibility with state and federal assets, incident commanders in the field, and modernize the response structure for the National Response Framework. The response function format is compatible with State and Federal organizational structures, but these functions are placed in the context of the ICS. Each function, branch, or unit may be scaled up or down to one or many positions depending on the size and scope of the incident and only necessary ESFs will be activated.
Emergency Operations Center Groups and Functions
In an emergency requiring full activation of the College EOC, the following groups are designated to divide responsibilities and accomplish the activities and tasks that lead to successful outcomes for the public and ultimately restore the College:
- The EOC Policy Group
- The EOC Command Group
- The EOC General Staff Group (Functional Branches)
EOC Policy Group
The EOC Policy Group is responsible for oversight of College operations, including emergency operations. Its members include the Chancellor, the Executive Vice Chancellor, the Chief of Staff, the General Counsel, Chief of Police, Associate Vice Chancellor of Educational Policy and others as needed and dictated by the collective Policy Group and as an incident requires.
Chancellor and Chief Executive Officer
- Authorizes activation of the EOC by direct order or delegated authority in this plan;
- Establishes objectives and priorities for the emergency management program and provide general policy guidance on the conduct of that program;
- Monitors the emergency response during disaster situations and provide direction where appropriate.
Chief of Staff
- With the assistance and coordination from the EOC Command Group and PIO, keeps the public informed during emergency situations.
- Assures that members of the EOC Policy Group are aware of situation updates
- Serves as the liaison between the President and the EOC Command Group.
Chief of Police
- Serves as the liaison between the President and the EOC Command Group.
Associate Vice Chancellor of Educational Policy
- Assists with decision-making efforts to ensure continuity of instruction programs.
EOC Command Group
The EOC Command Group coordinates the overall College effort and operates in conjunction with neighboring resources and federal and state assets that may be involved in emergency activities. Activities overseen by the EOC Command Group are reported directly to the EOC Policy Group. The EOC Command Group includes the following members: the EOC Director (Emergency Management Coordinator), the Public Information Officer (PIO), the Safety Officer, and the Liaison Officer(s).
Emergency Management Coordinator
The Emergency Management Coordinator (EMC) develops the emergency management program and serves as the key leader in planning, coordination of operations, and supporter of mitigation efforts. The EMC is responsible for coordinating all components of the emergency management system that are within or interface with the College during emergency situations. These coordinated components consist of fire and police, emergency medical service, facilities, public works, various College departments, volunteers, and other groups contributing to the management of emergencies.
The EMC, by virtue of the authority of the Chancellor:
- Coordinates activation of the EOC and supervises its operation as Emergency Operations Center (EOC) Director or designating an EOC Director;
- Provides overall direction of the activities of the College's departments while the EOP is in use;
- Implements the policies and decisions of the executive body relating to emergency management;
- Organizes the emergency management program and identifies personnel, equipment, and facility needs;
- Prepares and maintains this Emergency Operations Plan;
- Assigns emergency management program tasks to positions, departments, and agencies;
- Ensures that departments and agencies participate in emergency planning, training, and exercise activities;
- Coordinates the operational response of local emergency services;
- Evaluates incoming information and direct response efforts;
- Keeps the Policy Group and the EOC staff updated;
- Prioritizes emergency efforts taking place across the College when limited resources are available;
- Approves Incident Action Plans (IAPs) for each operational period; and
- Delegates and designates responsibilities appropriate to the size and scope of the presenting emergency or disaster situation, including:
- Serving as liaison with local, state, and federal agencies participating in response and recovery efforts;
- Maintaining coordination with appropriate governmental, public, private, and nongovernmental enterprises to ensure their cooperative support in the event it is needed;
- Ensuring necessary narrative and operation journals and essential records are maintained during emergencies and that appropriate information and reports are provided to higher, adjacent, and support jurisdictions; and
- Approving any activation and deployment of emergency response assets under the College's jurisdiction
Public Information Officer
The Public Information Officer (PIO) is responsible for interfacing with the public and media and/or with other agencies with incident-related information requirements. The PIO gathers, verifies, coordinates, and disseminates accurate, accessible, and timely information on the incident’s cause, size, and current situation; resources committed; and other matters of general interest for both internal and external audiences. The PIO may also perform a key public information-monitoring role. Whether the command structure is single or unified, only one PIO should be designated per incident. Assistants may be assigned from other involved agencies, departments, or organizations. The Incident Commander, Unified Command, or Emergency Operations Center (EOC) Director, depending on the level of incident activation, must approve the release of all incident-related information. In large- scale incidents or where multiple command posts are established, the PIO should participate in or lead the Joint Information Center (JIC) in order to ensure consistency in the provision of information to the public. The PIO may perform the following additional and specific responsibilities as authorized by this plan:
- Collects and distributes the most accurate and timely information regarding emergency events as approved by the EOC Director;
- Assumes responsibilities for public communications in the EOC and in designated JICs;
- Leads and/or collaborates in joint command emergencies (the primary responding agency will take the lead in releasing information);
- Coordinates with Intelligence to provide rules of engagement for any established social media analysis and response team (SMART) or virtual operations support team (VOST); and
- Establishes and maintains ground rules with the media and serves as the central clearinghouse for public communications and releases.
In any emergency situation every position holds responsibilities in calling attention to unsafe situations. The Safety Officer position is dedicated to this effort and performs the following:
- Monitors incident operations at an EOC level and advises the EOC Director on pertinent life safety protective actions for the incident as a whole; and
- Assumes responsibilities for safety of the EOC and directs EOC staff and other personnel as to appropriate actions in the event of an emergency at the EOC location.
The Liaison Officer is a position that may be staffed as an accessory to the EOC at the discretion of the EOC Director or his or her designee. This position may serve appropriate function in incidents when the College EOC must interface with other operations centers and/or Dallas College workgroups as the scale of the incident grows to a large area or regional event. Responsibilities of this position may include the following:
- Obtain cooperating and assisting agency information;
- Contact and brief assisting/cooperating agency representatives, mutual aid cooperators and Dallas College workgroups;
- Communicate with agency representatives concerning resources and capabilities, and restrictions on use and provide this information at planning meetings; and
- Work with the PIO and the EOC Director to coordinate media releases associated with inter-governmental cooperation and/or Dallas College workgroup issues
The Intelligence Officer is a position that may be staffed as an accessory to the EOC at the discretion of the EOC Director or his or her designee. This position may serve appropriate function in incidents requiring handling of information that is sensitive or otherwise critical to the end objectives of response and recovery efforts. This position may be the lead in managing a VOST in social media and could remain stand-alone or be assigned to a functional branch to meet the need of the emergency.
Responsibilities of this position may include the following:
- Ensuring compliance with FERPA and student information handling;
- Coordinates collection and handling of intelligence;
- Analyzes and shares intelligence related to the College, city, county, state, and national security, classified information, or other operational information, such as risk assessments, medical intelligence, and surveillance with the EOC Director;
- Develops and manages information-related security plans and operations;
- Coordinates with the PIO to manage VOST social media analysis and response for intelligence gathering and rumor control; and
- Protects sensitive information of all types and ensures its transfer only to those who need to access it and maintain proper clearance
EOC General Staff
The EOC General Staff make up and direct the majority of EOC staffing and operations. In addition to the responsibilities outlined below, each section will interface with ESF, support, or hazard-specific annexes to the functions outlined in this EOP. The EOC General Staff is comprised of the chiefs responsible for the four strategic sections: the Operations Section Chief, the Planning Section Chief, the Logistics Section Chief, and the Finance and Administration Section Chief.
Operations Section Chief
The Operations Section Chief coordinates incident operations at the College level with support from and in cooperation with the other Section Chiefs and the EOC Director. This position will be designated by the EOC Director based on the type of hazard and which organization is best suited to guide the efforts of field personnel. The Section Chief may change following the transition from response to recovery efforts.
Since the types of necessary expertise vary in an all-hazards environment, it is prudent to remain flexible. Each functional branch of operations provides a representative to the EOC, as requested, to facilitate coordination of the unique responsibilities of each branch and to support the overall mission and actions of the Operations Section and subsequently the College EOC.
Planning Section Chief
The Planning Section Chief collects, evaluates, and disseminates incident situation information and intelligence for the EOC Director and incident management personnel. This
Section then prepares status reports, displays situation information, maintains the status of
resources assigned to the incident, and prepares and documents the Incident Action Plan, based on Operations Section input and guidance from the EOC Director.
Support (Logistics) Section Chief
The Support Section Chief is responsible for providing the Operations Section with the equipment and resources it needs to complete its objectives and for coordinating with the Planning Section to provide resources for future emergency operations. This position will be designated by the EOC Director based on the type of hazard and which organization is best suited to guide the efforts of section personnel.
The Support Section Chief coordinates the activities of the following functional branches. In addition, each functional branch provides a representative to the EOC, as requested, to facilitate coordination of the unique responsibilities of each branch and to support the overall mission and actions of the Support Section and the College EOC.
- Supports and provides all required telecommunications, radio support, and phone bank operations for disaster incidents.
General Services and Engineering Branch
- Coordinates repair of facilities and utilities, support services, fleet management, emergency debris clearance, debris management, and long- term sheltering requirements.
Ground Support Branch
- Coordinates storage, staging, and maintenance of resources acquired, procured, and/or donated in support of emergency response and disaster recovery operations.
Volunteer and Donations Coordination Branch
- Coordinates receiving and tracking of donations offered in support of emergency response and disaster recovery operations; and
- Establishes volunteer staging and facilitates volunteer training and assignment to emergency response operations, as required.
Finance and Administration Section Chief
The Finance and Administration Section Chief oversees activities related to procurement, invoicing, projection of disaster-related costs, and documentation of costs and expenditures, including man-hours and overtime. This position will be designated by the EOC Director based on the type of hazard and which organization is best suited to guide the efforts of section personnel.
The Finance and Administration Section Chief works closely with other EOC Section Chiefs and the functional branch lead agencies to ensure proper documentation of disaster-related expenses and cost projections as needed. This includes expenses related to volunteers assisting in response and recovery.
The Finance and Administration Section Chief coordinates the activities of the following Finance and Administration Section functions. In addition, each function provides a representative to the EOC, as requested, to facilitate coordination of the unique responsibilities of each function and to support the overall mission and actions of the Finance and Administration Section and the College EOC.
- Ensures proper recording of personnel time and equipment-use time, in coordination with the Support Section.
- Administers all financial matters pertaining to vendor contracts; and
- Assists in the identification of sources for equipment and facilitates requirements for rental and supply of needed resources.
Compensation and Claims Unit
- Coordinates tracking of financial expenditures resulting from property damage, injuries, or fatalities at the incident; and
- Coordinates tracking of financial expenditures from responders.
Emergency Support, Support, and Hazard Annex Functions
Emergency Support Function (ESF) Annexes
- Coordinate with potential resource entities in identifying local public and private transportation resources and coordinatetheir use in emergencies.
- Coordinate deployment of transportation equipment to support emergency operations.
- Establish and maintain a reserve pool of drivers, maintenance personnel, parts, and tools.
- Maintain records on use of transportation equipment and personnel for purpose of possible reimbursement.
|ESF #2||Communications and Technology|
- Identify the communications systems available within the College and local area, determine the connectivity of those systems, and ensure their interoperability.
- Provide and support all technology, data, and communications services as required for emergency operations.
- Develop plans and procedures for coordinated use of the various communications systems available during emergencies.
- Determine and implement means of augmenting communications during emergencies, including support by private sector and volunteer organizations.
|ESF #3||Public Works and Engineering |
- Protect facilities and vital equipment.
- Assess damage to College-owned roadways, parking areas, facilities, and other infrastructure.
- Direct temporary repair of vital facilities.
- Restore damaged roadways and parking.
- Restore College waste disposal systems.
- Arrange for debris removal.
- Provide building inspection support.
- Provide specialized equipment to support emergency operations.
|ESF #4 ||Firefighting|
- Fire preventionactivities.
- Fire detection and control.
- Evacuation support.
- Post-incident reconnaissance and damage assessment support.
- Fire safety inspection of temporary shelters
- Prepare and maintain fire resource inventory
|ESF #5||Emergency Management|
- Direct utilization of College resources and assets.
- Oversee the EOC during any or all activation levels.
- Assemble departmental directors and their staff when neededat the EOC.
- Coordinate College actions in all phases of emergency management through the EOC command structure.
- Monitors the duties of the staff, use of message forms, and procedures for EOC activation.
|ESF #6||Human Services |
- Coordinate the provision of disaster mental health services with the College
- Make counseling services available to students and employees, and/or others suffering trauma due to the emergency incident/disaster.
|ESF #7||Support Services |
- Maintain and coordinate inventory of emergency resources with the emergency management coordinator.
- During emergency operations, locate supplies, equipment, and personnel to meet specific needs.
- Maintain a list of suppliers for supplies and equipment needed immediately in the aftermath of an emergency.
- Establish emergency purchasing procedures and coordinate emergency procurements.
- Establish and maintain a labor reserve and coordinate assignment of reserve personnel to departments and agencies that require augmentation.
- Coordinate for transportation, sorting, temporary storage, and distribution of resources duringemergencies.
- Establish staging areas for resources, if required.
- Coordinate with Volunteer and Donation Coordination support for additional personnel and resources.
- Maintain records of emergency-related expenditures for purchases and personnel.
- Secure emergency food supplies as needed and coordinate with local cities or counties for additional services as necessary.
- Arrange for hydration and/or food services through College vendors or established agreements with agencies such as ARC.
|ESF #8||Public Health and Medical Services |
- Coordinate and support health and medical care and EMS as necessary and /or requested by the local response agencies during emergencies. Theywill liaison with local hospitals and public health offices.
- Provide mental and physical health information and education to faculty, staff and students.
- Coordinate with local health and/or Texas Department of State Health Services during public health emergencies.
|ESF #9||Search and Rescue |
- Collaborate with emergency management coordinator to identify storm shelter or storm refuge locations.
- Post-disaster emergency response to conduct search and rescue with priority to lifesaving operations.
|ESF #10||Oil and Hazardous Materials Response |
- In accordance with Homeland Security Presidential Directive 5, establish ICS to manage the response to Hazmat incidents.
- Establish the Hazmat incident functional areas (e.g., hot zone, warm zone, cold zone, etc.)
- Determine and implement requirements for personal protective equipment for emergency responders.
- Initiate appropriate actions to control and eliminate the hazard in accordance with established Hazmat response guidance and best practice guidelines.
- Determine areas at risk and which public protective actions, if any, should be implemented.
- Apply appropriate firefighting techniques if the incident has, or may, result in a fire.
- Determine when affected Hazmat areas may be safely re entered.
- Maintain inventory of radiological equipment and inventory as required.
- Ensure College personnel have current training in radiological monitoring and decontamination and requirements for transportation and handling as appropriate.
- Respond to radiological incidents, terrorist incidents involving radiological materials, and being the point of contact to response agencies as necessary regarding radiological incidents.
- Make notification concerning radiological incidents to state and federal authorities.
|ESF #11||Animals, Agriculture, and Natural Resources |
- Support for animals involved in disaster toinclude farm animals and service animals.
- Emergency veterinary response.
- Animal evacuation or sheltering.
- Support emergency electrical power generation where available.
- Assesses energy system damage and monitors repair work.
- Support emergency disconnects of natural gas lines in the event of line breaks or leaks during an emergency or disaster situation.
- Collects, assesses, and provides information on energy supply, demand, and contributes to situation and after- action reports.
- Identifies supporting resources needed to restore energy systems.
|ESF #13||Public Safety and Security |
- Maintenance of law and order.
- Traffic control.
- Provision of security for vital facilities, evacuated areas, and shelters.
- Access control for damaged or contaminated areas
- Prepare and maintain law enforcement resource inventory.
- Identify areas where evacuation has occurred, if any, or may be required in the future and determine if population is atrisk.
- Perform evacuation planning for known risk areas to include route selection and determination of traffic control requirements.
- Develop simplified planning procedures for ad hoc evacuations.
- Determine and recommend emergency campus information requirements.
- Perform evacuation planning for special needs facilities.
- Coordinate and carry out defensive anti-terrorist activities, including criminal intelligence, investigation, protection of facilities, and public awareness activities.
- Coordinate and carry out offensive counter-terrorist operations to neutralize terrorist activities.
- Carry out terrorism consequence operations conducted in the aftermath of a terrorist incident tosave lives and protect public and private property.
- Ensure required notification of terroristincidents is made to state and federal authorities.
|ESF #14||Long-Term Community Recovery|
- Assess and compile information on damage to property. If damages are beyond the capability of the College to assess, then information should be compiled for use by the Chancellor and local officials in requesting state or federal disaster assistance.
- If it is determined that the College is eligible for state or federal disaster assistance, then it should coordinate with state and federal agencies to carry out authorized recovery programs.
- Engage with continuity programs to transition from continuity of instruction and operation to regular College functions.
|ESF #15||Public & Governmental Affairs |
- Provide information to the media during emergencies.
- Arrange for media briefings.
- Compiles online, print and/or photo documentation of emergencies.
- Establish a Joint Information Center when applicable.
- Compile and release information and instructions for the media during emergencies and respond to questions relating to emergency operations through EOC approval.
- Disseminate warning information and instructions to the campus community through available warning systems.
- Receive information on emergencies from local, state, or federal government or by local news media.
- Alert key officials of emergencies.
- Ensure Clery compliance for timely warning and notification.
|B||Continuity of Operations |
- Conduct a business process analysis (BPA) to identify the mission essential functions (MEFs) of the College.
- Maintain functional operations of MEFs identified.
- Establish a “three-deep” team with delegation of authority for all departments with identified MEFs.
- Maintain vital records retention.
- Achieve timely and orderly recovery and reconstitution from an emergency
|C||Continuity of Instruction |
- Address the continuation of student learning during a pandemic, prolonged closure of College properties, disaster, or catastrophic event.
- Minimize class time loss, clearly communicate expectations, and facilitate continued instruction by alternative means.
- Achieve timely and orderly recovery and reconstitution from an emergency
|D ||Volunteer and Donation Coordination |
- Coordinate and assess for situational need of spontaneous volunteers.
- Coordinate and maintain list of pre-identified volunteers for exercise, drill, disaster, or emergency events.
- Coordinate with external affairs on situational need of goods donations and management of item acceptance control.
- Manage monetary donations through the College foundation office.
|E||Training, Testing, and Exercise |
- Provide guidelines for training of students, faculty, and staff in all-hazards emergency management.
- Establish NIMS compliant training requirements for members of, or those who interact with, the emergency operations center.
- Establish requirements for drills and exercises to be performed on College property.
- Establish requirements and schedules for the testing of the College's emergency notification systems.
|F||Hazard Mitigation |
- Review regional hazard analyses provided by local councils of government where available.
- Create and maintain College hazard assessment / summary.
- Identify beneficial pre-disaster hazard mitigation projects.
- In the aftermath of an emergency, review the After Action Report (AAR) to mitigate in identified areas and coordinate implementation of those actions.
- Coordinate and carry out post-disaster hazard mitigation program.
|H||Hazardous Weather |
- Provide framework for operations during hazardous weather events.
- Provide decision support and action guidance for winter weather event impacts.
|T||Travel and Transportation Hazards |
- Identify the hazards from travel and transportation activities.
- Provide framework for response and recovery to passenger train, bus, passenger vehicle, and aircraft incidents.
- Provide decision support and action guidance for domestic and international travel incidents.
|X||Cyber Hazard |
- Identify the cyber incident hazard and define College response.
- Provide EOC with situational awareness for decision making during an ongoing or cyber incident of significance.
Succession of Leadership
The order of succession with delegation of authority for the Chancellor of Dallas College in the event that he or she is unavailable for any reason during an emergency is as follows:
- Executive Vice Chancellor
Direction, Control, and Coordination
Coordinating response and recovery activities through one central location provides for an efficient response to an emergency. When activated during an emergency, the EOC acts as the base of direction, control, and coordination for emergency management operations in the College.
Incident Commander Authority in Life/Safety Incidents
The Chief of Police or designee, by virtue of the authority of the Chancellor, will be the Incident Commander and/or Area Commander (with sole authority over the incident) in all life/safety incidents until the life/safety threat has been neutralized and/or the criminal investigation (crime scene) has been completed.
Authority to Initiate Actions
This EOP serves as a procedural document and references and/or indicates authority related to the following:
- The Dallas College EOP is the official operations source for the College and governs all disasters related to administrative and operational tasks of the College.
- The Dallas College EOP is authorized by and promulgated under the authority contained by those local, state, and federal statutes listed herein.
All College departments and agencies are an integral part of this plan. These departments and agencies that do not have specific responsibilities outlined in this plan constitute a large reserve of material and staffing resources. At the direction of the Chancellor, Chief of Police, or Emergency Management Coordinator, these departments may be requested to perform previously unassigned tasks or may be requested to supplement specifically assigned disaster response roles.
The Policy Group, in conjunction with the Dallas College EOC Command Group, establishes priorities and is responsible for providing accurate and timely information to the campus community, especially in time of emergency.
Command Responsibility for Specific Action
- The Chancellor of Dallas College, under the authority provided by the Board of Trustees, maintains the responsibility for identifying and minimizing the effects of the dangers to the College.
- The Chief of Police, the EOC Director, or designee, acts as the chief advisor to the Policy Group during any declared emergency affecting the people and property of Dallas College. Various College departments and agencies under the direction of the EOC Director will conduct emergency operations.
- Local, state, and federal officials will coordinate their operations through the College EOC via EOC Liaison Officer(s) or other designated representative.
Information Collection, Analysis, Dissemination, and Security
During an emergency or disaster situation requiring activation of the College EOC, the EOC
will coordinate all forms of essential and critical information. Coordination of disaster intelligence may require the following activities:
- Identification of types of information are needed
- Determination of where information is expected to come from
- Identification of what sections will need and use the information
- Establishing how the information will be disseminated
Emergency and disaster information is primarily managed under the Planning Section but may flow into the EOC through any functional branch or via the Intelligence Officer, other Command Staff, or Policy Group representatives. All participants within the EOC, Incident Command structure, VEOC, and EOC support units shall comply with information handling and security procedures.
Information Handling and Security
Sensitive information moves through the emergency and disaster management mechanisms established by the College. The proper handling of this information through these established information security measures is essential to the overall response and recovery processes. Information security is the protection of the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of information related to the College.
In the course of business of the EOC and VEOC certain information must be considered sensitive for legal, ethical, or procedural reasons. All participants in these systems, including support teams, must respect internal communications and protect privacy. For the purpose if information handling and security all activities of “the EOC” include the physical EOC, virtual EOC systems, communications between these systems, and the activities of support teams like the Social Media Analysis and Response Team and emergency phone line support.
Most activities of the EOC will eventually be subject to disclosure under open records policies. The purpose of this procedure is to provide guidance to the EOC staff members during emergency operations to assure confidentiality. While the incident is in progress, including the immediate recovery period, the incident record is not complete. Requests for public information go to the College's Public Information Officer responsible for the Texas Public Information Act and Freedom of Information Act inquiries (not the ESF-15 PIO). See Board Policy GCA (Legal) and GAB (Legal) for additional information on public records.
Information Security Statement
Any information marked FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY, and/or pertaining to criminal investigation, identification of disaster victims, related medical information, related student or employee record information, other protected personally identifiable information, internal planning, draft plans or documents, uncleared bulletins or news releases, the content of in- house briefings, overheard conversations or radio traffic, internal communications within the VEOC, other incident related electronic communications, or unconfirmed speculation will not be released to anyone outside of the College emergency management mechanism, including the public, unless cleared in advance by the EOC Director.
For Official Use Only (FOUO)
Documents or information labeled “For Official Use Only” is done so by the originator to limit external distribution. Such documents, information or bulletins are not be released either in written, oral or electronic form to the media, the general public, or other personnel who do not have a valid “need-to-know” without prior approval of the originator.
Law Enforcement Sensitive (LES)
During the course of operations in the EOC, information that is deemed law enforcement sensitive may be present. This can include identifying information on suspected criminal actors, criminal justice information, or sensitive procedures, sources, and methods. This information should never be shared or released to anyone outside of law enforcement and public safety. When the EOC or any part of emergency management is active in support of law enforcement for an incident involving criminal activity, all related information shall be considered sensitive.
Federal and state Criminal Justice Information System (CJIS) rules require sensitive information classification for persons working near CJIS databases who may have direct or casual contact with criminal history information. Persons with access to criminal history data in performance of their official duties at the Emergency Operations Center will satisfy the Dallas College Public Safety & Security Department information management policy requirements.
Status of Draft or Preliminary Information
Preliminary information, including but not limited to draft strategic planning, Incident Action Plans in the development stage, draft press releases and unreleased Situation Reports, shall be considered sensitive.
Responsibilities of Participants in Emergency Management Mechanisms
- Recognize the conditions of these Information Handling and Security procedures when referring to the official business of the Office of Emergency Management or any involved staff or support teams.
- Safeguard sensitive information before, during, and after an activation of the Emergency Operations Center.
- Prevent incidental casual observation or access to sensitive information.
- Clear the release of possible sensitive information with the EOC Director prior to dissemination outside the EOC.
- Refrain from repeating rumors or unverified information except where necessary to clarify or refute them.
Communications requirements in emergency or disaster situations are supported through the protocols and coordination procedures that The College executes as part of routine, day- to-day operations. The Director of Media Relations will develop procedures to activate additional EOC communications support personnel and to expand the EOC communications capability, as required. These procedures will address the provisions for EOC message handling to include record keeping/documentation, distribution/internal message flow, and coordination of incoming/outgoing information.
Public information will be managed through the PIO and/or Joint Information Center (JIC), if established. Information will be coordinated to flow through one central point to ensure accuracy, quality, and efficiency in dissemination. The PIO maintains responsibility for all actions and efforts surrounding the following:
- Media management
- Public relations strategy
- Videography and photography
- Public information administration and multi-agency/department coordination
Administration, Finance, and Support (Logistics)
Agreements and Contracts
Any agreements and/or contracts must be entered into by duly authorized officials and, where practicable, formalized in writing prior to performance. Outside a declared emergency by the College all agreements will be reviewed by College Legal.
Should College resources prove to be inadequate during emergency operations, requests for assistance may be made to other educational institutions, governmental jurisdictions, volunteer agencies, and the private sector in accordance with existing contracts or negotiated emergency agreements.
Dallas College may provide emergency assistance to another local government, whether or not the local governments have previously agreed or contracted to provide that kind of assistance under Board of Trustee Policy and Texas Government Code 791.027(a).
Resource management includes providing or obtaining goods or services, executing logistical or administrative activities for the College's emergency response operations, and coordinating the use of the resources to facilitate an effective, efficient, and appropriate result.
College resources, as well as mutual aid and donated resources and services, will be managed according to policies and procedures of the Support Section.
Emergency Purchasing and Acquisition
Emergency purchases, acquisitions, and other procurements may be authorized by the EOC Director in consultation with the CFO to support and facilitate objectives of Dallas College emergency operations.
Records and Reports
The Incident Command Post and the EOC shall maintain accurate activity logs recording key response activities, including:
- Activation or deactivation of emergency facilities;
- Emergency notifications to other local governments and to state and federal agencies;
- Significant changes in the emergency situation;
- Major commitments of resources or requests for additional resources from external sources;
- Issuance of protective action recommendations to the public;
- Casualties; and
- Containment or termination of the incident;
- Significant action taken during the emergency situation.
In order to continue normal college operations following an emergency situation, vital records must be protected. These include legal documents, student files, personnel files, and financial records. The principal causes of damage to records are fire and water; therefore, essential records should be protected accordingly. Each department or agency responsible for preparation of annexes to this plan will include protection of vital records (hard copies and electronic) in its SOPs. If records are damaged during an emergency situation, the College will seek professional assistance to preserve and restore them.
Expenditures and obligations of public funds during emergency operations must be recorded by the responsible departments and agencies in accordance with College policies and procedures.
The Finance and Administration Section has responsibility for distributing approved forms
for this purpose and for collecting and processing them during and after an emergency.
Narratives and operational journals of response actions will be kept by all departments and agencies with emergency responsibilities.
Post-Incident and Exercise Review
The emergency management coordinator is responsible for organizing and conducting a critique following the conclusion of a significant emergency event/incident or exercise. The After Action Report (AAR) will entail both written and verbal input from all appropriate participants. An Improvement Plan will be developed based on the deficiencies identified, and an individual, department, or agency will be assigned responsibility for correcting the deficiency and a due date shall be established for that action.
Plan Development and Maintenance
Primary responsibility for coordinating the plan development and maintenance process rests
with the College Emergency Manager serving as the College's Emergency Management Coordinator (EMC).
Operations Plan Maintenance, Updates, and Revisions
Periodic revisions to this plan will be identified by appropriate signatures and approval dates. The EMC is responsible for performing periodic reviews of plans and standard operating procedures (SOPs) with appropriate agencies and departments. The revision process will include incorporation of necessary changes based upon periodic tests, drills, exercises, or actual events.
To comply with the requirements outlined in Texas Education Code 37.108, Dallas College must review, update (if needed), and certify this plan to be current on an annual basis.
Reasons the College will update this plan (in its entirety or individual components) may
- Changes to hazard consequences or risk areas;
- Changes to the concept of operations for emergency or disaster response;
- Reorganization of supporting departments, agencies, and other stakeholders that results in a change in the College's capability to respond to an emergency or disaster situation;
- Significant deficiencies in this plan or its components revealed by a training exercise or an actual emergency; and
- Changes to College policy, state requirements, or federal planning standards.
Annex Update and Maintenance Responsibilities
This operations plan is a framework for a system of emergency support functions, support functions, and hazard-specific annexes published under separate covers. The table in Figure 2 identifies the responsible positions for the annual maintenance and update of each annex.
Figure 2: EOP Annex Responsibilities
Emergency Support Function (ESF) Annexes
|ESF #1||Transportation||Senior Director of Facilities Mgt. & Op|
|ESF #2||Communications and Technology||Assoc. Dist. Dir. I.T./Network Services|
|ESF #3||Public Works and Engineering||Senior Director of Facilities Mgt. & Op|
|ESF #4||Firefighting||Emergency Management Coordinator|
|ESF #5||Emergency Management||Emergency Management Coordinator|
|ESF #6||Human Services||Associate Vice Chancellor of Ed Policy|
|ESF #7||Support Service||Assoc. Chief Procurement|
|ESF #8||Public Health and Medical Services||Emergency Management Coordinator|
|ESF #9||Search and Rescue||Emergency Management Coordinator|
|ESF #10||Oil and Hazardous Materials Response||Emergency Management Coordinator|
|ESF #11||Animals, Agriculture, and Natural
|Director, Veterinary Technology|
|ESF #12||Energy||Senior Director of Facilities Mgt. & Op|
|ESF #13||Public Safety and Security||Chief of Police|
|ESF #14||Long-Term Community Recovery||Director of Risk Management|
|ESF #15||Public and Governmental Affairs||Executive Vice Chancellor|
|A||Warning||Emergency Management Coordinator|
|B||Continuity of Operations||Chief Info, Privacy/Security Officer|
|C||Continuity of Instruction||Associate Vice Chancellor of Ed Policy|
|D||Volunteer and Donation Coordination||Exec Director, the Foundation|
|E||Training, Testing, and Exercise||Emergency Management Coordinator|
|H||Hazardous Weather||Emergency Management Coordinator|
|T||Travel and Transportation Hazards||Director of Risk Management|
|X||Cyber Hazard||Chief Info, Privacy/Security Officer|
Training, Testing, and Exercising
The EMC will assist with required training activities to ensure emergency response capabilities and meet all regulatory requirements. The preparedness and readiness measures of this section conducted by the College are outlined in the Training, Testing, and Exercising support annex, published under a separate cover.
Safety and Security Audit
In accordance with Texas Education Code Sections 37.108 and 51.217, this plan is required to have a safety and security audit every three years to verify the EOP and its annexes continue to provide for training, drills, emergency coordination, and implementation of the audit process. The College emergency management coordinator is responsible for the audit and for submitting copies of planning documents for review as necessary. A College Security and Audit Committee may be utilized for this process coordinated by the EMC.
Terms and References
|AAR||After Action Report |
|ARC||American Red Cross |
|CFR||Code of Federal Regulations |
|DDC||Disaster District Committee |
|DHS||Department of Homeland Security |
|DPS||Department of Public Safety |
|EMC||Emergency Management Coordinator |
|EOC||Emergency Operations or Operating Center |
|ESF||Emergency Support Function |
|FEMA||Federal Emergency Management Agency, an element of the DHS |
|FERPA||Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act |
|Hazmat||Hazardous Material |
|HSPD-5||Homeland Security Presidential Directive 5 |
|ICP||Incident Command Post |
|ICS||Incident Command System |
|IP||Improvement Plan |
|JIC||Joint Information Center |
|MAA||Mutual Aid Agreement |
|MOU||Memorandum of Understanding |
|NIMS||National Incident Management System |
|NRF||National Response Framework |
|PIO||Public Information Officer |
|SOPs||Standard Operating Procedures |
|SOC||State Operations Center |
|TDEM||Texas Division of Emergency Management |
|TSA||The Salvation Army |
|Area Command (Unified Area Command)||An organization established (1) to oversee the management of multiple incidents that are each being managed by an ICS organization or (2) to oversee the management of large or multiple incidents to which several Incident Management Teams have been assigned. Sets overall strategy and priorities, allocates critical resources according to priorities, ensures that incidents are properly managed, and ensures that objectives are met and strategies followed. Area Command becomes Unified Area Command when incidents are multijurisdictional. |
|Disaster District||Disaster Districts are regional state emergency management organizations mandated by the Executive Order of the Governor relating to Emergency Management whose boundaries parallel those of Highway Patrol Districts and Sub-Districts of the Texas Department of Public Safety. |
|Disaster District Committee||The DDC consists of a Chairperson (the local Highway Patrol captain or command lieutenant), and agency representatives that mirror the membership of the State Emergency Management Council. The DDC Chairperson, supported by committee members, is responsible for identifying, coordinating the use of, committing, and directing state resources within the District to respond to emergencies. |
|Emergency Operations Center||Specially equipped facilities from which government officials exercise direction and control and coordinate necessary resources in an emergency situation. |
|Public Information||Information that is disseminated to the public via the news media before, during, and/or after an emergency or disaster ensuring the needs of the whole community are addressed. |
|Emergency Situations||As used in this plan, this term is intended to describe a range of occurrences, from a minor incident to a catastrophic disaster. For the purposes of the NRF, an emergency (as defined by the Stafford Act) is “any occasion or instance for which, in the determination of the President, Federal assistance is needed to supplement State and local efforts and capabilities to save lives and to protect property and public health and safety, or to lessen or avert the threat of catastrophe in any part of the United States.” |
|Hazard Analysis||A document, published separately from this plan that identifies the local hazards that have caused or possess the potential to adversely affect public health and safety, public or private property, or the environment. |
|Hazardous Material (Hazmat)||A substance in a quantity or form posing an unreasonable risk to health, safety, and/or property when manufactured, stored, or transported. The substance, by its nature, containment, and reactivity, has the capability for inflicting harm during an accidental occurrence. Is toxic, corrosive, flammable, reactive, an irritant, or a strong sensitizer, and poses a threat to health and the environment when improperly managed. Includes toxic substances, certain infectious agents, radiological materials, and other related materials such as oil, used oil, petroleum products, and industrial solid waste substances. |
|Inter-local agreements||Arrangements between governments or organizations, either public or private, for reciprocal aid and assistance during emergency situations where the resources of a single jurisdiction or organization are insufficient or inappropriate for the tasks that must be performed to control the situation. Commonly referred to as mutual aid agreements (MAAs) and can include memorandums of understanding (MOUs). |
|Stafford Act||The Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act authorizes federal agencies to undertake special measures designed to assist the efforts of states in expediting the rendering of aid, assistance, emergency services, and reconstruction and rehabilitation of areas devastated by disaster. |
|Standard Operating Procedures||Approved methods for accomplishing a task or set of tasks. SOPs are typically prepared at the department or agency level. May also be referred to as Standard Operating Guidelines (SOGs). |
Reference – EOP Traditional Model and ESF Model Crosswalk
|Texas Traditional Model Annex||ESF/Support/Hazard Model Annex|
|Annex S - Transportation||ESF #1 - Transportation|
|Annex B - Communications||ESF #2 - Communications and Technology|
|Annex K - Public Works||ESF #3 - Public Works and Engineering|
|Annex F - Firefighting||ESF #4 - Firefighting|
|Annex N - Direction and Control||ESF #5 - Emergency Management|
|Annex C - Shelter and Mass Care; Annex O - Human Services||ESF #6 - Human Services|
|Annex M - Resource Management||ESF #7 - Support Service|
|Annex H - Health and Medical Services||ESF #8 - Public Health and Medical Services|
|Annex R - Search and Resource||ESF #9 - Search and Rescue|
|Annex D - Radiological Protection; Annex Q - Hazmat and Oil Spills||ESF #10 - Oil and Hazardous Materials Response|
|No equivalent||ESF #11 - Animals, Agriculture, and Natural Resources|
|Annex L - Utilities||ESF #12 - Energy|
|Annex E - Evacuation; Annex G - Law Enforcement; Annex V - Terrorism||ESF #13 - Public Safety and Security|
|Annex J - Recovery||ESF #14 - Long-Term Community Recovery|
|Annex I - Emergency Public Information||ESF #15 - Public and Governmental Affairs|
|Texas Traditional Model Annex||ESF/Support/Hazard Model Annex|
|Annex A - Warning||Annex A - Warning|
|Annex T - Donations Management||Annex D - Volunteer and Donation Coordination|
|Support Annex||Annex E - Training, Testing and Exercise|
Hazard Specific Annexes
|Texas Traditional Model Annex||ESF/Support/Hazard Model Annex|
|Hazard Specific||Annex H - Hazardous weather|
|Hazard Specific||Annex T – Travel and Transportation Hazards|
|Hazard Specific||Annex X – Cyber Hazards|
This Emergency Operations Plan is distributed in electronic format to the positions or locations indicated in the table below. Annexes to this plan maintain individual distribution lists.
Hazard Specific Annexes
|Distribution Area / Position||Copies|
|Emergency Management Coordinator||1|
|Chief of Police||1|
|Executive Vice Chancellor||1|
|Chief of Staff||1|
|Chief Financial Officer||1|
|Associate Vice Chancellor of Ed Policy||1|
|Associate Chief of Procurement & Strategic Sourcing||1|
|Assoc. Dist. Dir. I.T./Network Services||1|
|Senior Director of Facilities Mgt. & Operations||1|
|College President – Brookhaven||1|
|College President – Cedar Valley||1|
|College President – Eastfield||1|
|College President – El Centro||1|
|College President – Mountain View||1|
|College President – North Lake||1|
|College President – Richland||1|
College EOP (basic plan)
Plans and Annexes
Annex E-Training, Testing, Exercise
Annex H-Hazardous Weather
Annex T-Travel and Transportation
ESF 10-Oil and Hazardous Material Response
ESF 13-Public Safety and Security
ESF 15-Public and Governmental Annex
ESF 2-Communications and Technology
ESF 5-Emergency Management
ESF 6-Human Services
ESF 7-Logistics Management and Resource Support
ESF 8-Public Health and Medical Resources