Citizen Science for Everyone: While Social Distancing

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Transcript

[Music]

[Georgeann Moss]:  Our guest speaker today is Dallas College's very own Lori Delacruz Lewis, and Lori is the sustainability coordinator at our Mountain View campus of Dallas College, and she is also the education lead of the sustainability team, so this is what she spends most of her time on is creating workshops and content for students and employees, and for community members. Lori is currently working on her PhD in urban planning and public policy, with an emphasis on sustainability, at University of Texas at Arlington, and she has a master's in sustainability from SMU, where she is an adjunct professor. One of her previous positions was as the solid waste education and [audio malfunction] coordinator at the city of Fort Worth, which explains why she was able to step in at a moment's notice last week when our speaker on composting, all of a sudden her audio and her video dropped and there was nothing, and Lori stepped in and took care of it for us. So once again, thank you Lori, we appreciate you very much. So without further ado, I will turn this over to Lori.

[Lori Delacruz Lewis]:  Thanks, Georgeann. Hey y'all, so glad you're here, and I have had so much fun putting together all of this information, I've been playing with all of these apps over the years, and as I got deeper and deeper, you're familiar with the term rabbit hole? That's kind of what citizen science is like. There are so many applications that no matter what you're interested in, there is a citizen science project out there for you to participate in. Whether you wanna be outdoors or you wanna be behind a computer, there are so many options. So I'm gonna go over 16 or 17 of the top ones that I use in the district that I recommend to faculty, but then at the end I'm going to show you three different sites where you can find more citizen science projects for you to do, and the cool thing is you can do it by yourself, you can do it with your family, you can do it as a socially distanced group project, so classroom projects, all kinds of great stuff, and this data is open source. It's available for you to access, it's amazing if you ever want to learn more about what people are submitting from around the world, this data's all available so it's an incredible opportunity to really forward and advance science around the world. So citizen science for everyone, anyone can do it, and it's a global project. All of them are – well, not all of them, let me rephrase that – citizen science is globally recognized. Some of the projects I'll be sharing with you at the end are very localized, so depending on where you live you'll want to participate. So let's get started, so some of the things that we're gonna be talking about today, I have found apps – or I recommend apps that can do citizen science from looking at trees, where you measure the height of the tree, to match satellite data from NASA, so you're looking at clouds to trees, mosquitoes to bees, plants, urban wildlife, I currently just a few months ago found out about magnetic data that you can submit to NOAA, marine debris which is any kind of litter pollution that gets into the streams and heads down to the oceans, and air quality mapping to humanitarian mapping. So there are projects that you can work on from the comfort of your own home that help aid organizations get to places when there's a natural disaster or a food crisis or a drought or things like that, so there are lots of opportunities here. So we're gonna look at apps from all of these organizations, iNaturalist is really the most popular or the most used in our district, I'll say. NASA does some citizen science, NOAA, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Earth Day has teamed up with the U.S. Department of State to do a really cool app with four components to it, the National Science Foundation, and National Geographic. Some of them kind of overlap, but you're going to get different levels of difficulty depending on which app you're going to use, so I'm gonna show you some of that. So this is really serious stuff. Scientists can't be everywhere gathering data, so they reach out to the public to help provide the data to them, so this is really very important. It's fun, but it's really important, so all of these projects have a genuine science outcome, and the data that they accumulate leads to actions, decisions, and policies, so it's all very, very important. I didn't want to put the ten principles of citizen science, 'cause it's kinda long, but I have a link here, and actually this is a live, living website document, it's called a story map, and at the end of the presentation I will share the link with you in the chat and then you can view it and you can share it with whoever you want, you can watch all the videos, follow all the links, so it will be – you don't have to wait two weeks, so this will all be available to you. So like I said, there are a lot of apps for outdoors, and then there's some for indoors too. Now if it's raining and you wanna still do something, you can do some of the ones that are at the end. So the iNaturalist, this is something that we use quite a bit on our campuses. As a matter of fact, I just found out yesterday that Dallas College is starting a new bio-blitz where people in the DFW area go out and gather data on bugs and birds and – oh, all of the things that are listed here, the animals, raccoons, rabbits, butterflies, reptiles, plants, all kinds of things, iNaturalist helps identify what it is you're looking at. So if I'm out with a group of students out in our urban forest at Mountain View, see something that I don't know what it is, I'll open up iNaturalist and take a picture of it, and within a couple of hours somebody has identified it for me, so it's all crowd sourced, it's not magic. There are people out there looking at these things and will identify it for you, so I'm actually, by the end of the tour that I'm giving these students, I typically know exactly what that was and we can learn about it right there on my app, so it's very, very cool. So through October 2nd to November 2nd, I believe, there is going to be a bio-blitz in Dallas College and I'll have more information for that. So the thing about iNaturalist is that, like I said, all of this data is available, so here I did a screen capture of all of these red spots, this is a live interactive map that iNaturalist has on their website, and as you zoom in closer, you can click on dots and it will tell you what has been seen in that area. So for instance, here, this common leopard butterfly was seen in Karagale, I think? Or Kerala? Something like that. So you can go through and learn about when they saw it, what kind of habitat were they in, and all of this data is available. What I found was really cool was that it also pinpoints, so when you're doing this, you're hooked to a satellite – not literally, but all of these things are bouncing geolocated data, and that's how they know where that picture was taken, 'cause those pictures have – if you have your location services turned on on your phone, your photos all have geotags in them so that we know exactly where it was taken. So here in California, in Arcata, California, they saw a varied thrush bird. Well, we actually grabbed the sound of it, so let's see if we can play this and then you can see exactly its habitat.

[varied thrush bird call]

[Lori Delacruz Lewis]: Did you catch that?

[varied thrush bird call]

[Lori Delacruz Lewis]: It's really cool, there's a lot of neat, neat stuff that is out there, so even if you just wanna go out there and see what kind of animals, birds, reptiles, plants are in other places in the world, it's just a lot of fun to do all this research, and then you can download the data if you really want to, if you really wanna get into the research, you can do that. So the iNaturalist website, they have video tutorials, they have a teacher's guide available that helps classroom teachers set up their student accounts so that all the data is affiliated with their classroom or their school, and then you could always schedule a bio-blitz, or you become part of Dallas College's bio-blitz, it begins on October 2nd. So that's iNaturalist, now iNaturalist can be a little bit overwhelming for small children, so iNaturalist came out with a simpler app called Seek, and they promote this for small children. So it's super, super simple, I grabbed this video of this guy going out, and that's all you do, you just take a picture of what you see and then somebody will identify it, so it tells you all about it, where it grows, where it's from, the taxonomy, all of this information just from taking a picture. So this also has a Seek user guide that you can read through just to kinda get the gist of the app, and then this button here, 'learn more Seek', takes you to their website. Almost all of these apps, all but one, is available for both Android and Apple equipment. There's just one that's not, but we'll get into that at the bottom. So that's iNaturalist, there's the really full version and then there's the less robust but still really cool version for kids. So NASA, they are all in on citizen science. They've created this, it's an entire network, it is this huge program called GLOBE Observer, and GLOBE stands for Global Learning and Observations to Benefit the Environment. So you download the GLOBE Observer app, and within that app you have four smaller apps. This is where you look at clouds, you take pictures of land cover, trees, you measure the height of trees, and then you can also identify mosquito habitats so that you know, with Zika and some of the other mosquito-borne diseases, it's West Nile, it's just really important that we know where those mosquitoes are, and that data is being used by epidemiologists to determine where the outbreaks are going to happen. So as you get better at that one, you'll be able to actually identify the kind of mosquito, so all of that data is going to the researchers to help with public health campaigns and responses. So let's look at some of these, these are all videos here, let's just look at this one really quickly. [video playing] So just a really simple overview of how they use that data, and the cool thing is, if you're using the cloud one, it will tell you exactly when a satellite is overhead, so you know the optimum time to take the pictures of the clouds when the satellite is directly overhead, so it's very cool. The app also comes in 11 languages, so if you have someone that you know who is not an English speaker or that's not their native language, these apps are available in 11 different languages, so it's a lot of opportunities, we don't wanna leave out anyone who wants to participate for this. This is also used in schools, and if you go to the GLOBE Observer site or the GLOBE program site, there is some information there on research, actual research that students in high school, college, are using this data for, and some of the papers that they've published, so it's really really – we generate this data. So the clouds, the reason why you're mapping clouds or you're taking photos of clouds and sending that data in is because clouds reflect sunlight, and if we know where the clouds are and that they scatter the sunlight, it affects how energy passes through our atmosphere. So they can determine all kinds of things about using solar energy, the cooling, the warming of the Earth, they can track these changes. As climate change worsens, as the climate crisis worsens, and storms become more prevalent, the cloud structures are going to be different, so all of this is really really important data, so you're looking at cloud cover and surface conditions, so not only you're doing the clouds but you're also saying whether it's rainy, is it icy, so they can make a correlation between the kind of cloud and what's happening on the ground. So this just gives some super simple instructions, this is straight off of their website, so when you do the clouds, you report the clouds, the percentage, the opacity – which means how much you can see through the clouds – what are the surface conditions? Is it snow and ice, standing water, are there leaves on the trees? That's gonna be important, and there are others, so that is required, and then they also ask – and this is optional – that you take photographs in each of the four directions, just north, south, east and west, for orientation with the satellite. So I mean it's just the easiest thing you can do to just get outside and participate in these things. Another one is Land Cover, so this is when they're looking for hazard analysis for floods, fires, landslides, mapping habitat, tracking the impacts of climate change, all of that can be used, all that data can be used to answer those research questions, so you just download the app and submit your photographs. You're asking what kind of land cover you're looking at, so are you looking at trees or grass or shrubs? How much of that do you see, are there a lot of trees or is there one tree? All of that's just really important data. It seems kind of superfluous, but all of that data is very, very important, and it's a lot of fun. Then the tree one, this one's kinda cool because you are tracking the height of trees, and so you take a picture of the tree and you take a picture of the base of it, and then you take a picture of the top of it, and then you walk to the tree and you denote how many steps that took, and that helps measure the height of the tree for a satellite. It's amazing how it works, but the tree height is usually used as an indicator of the ecosystem's ability to grow trees. So a lot of the Lidar now can actually tell from satellite imagery what kind of tree it is and the general health of the tree, so science is really rocking along on this stuff with technology, it is just incredible the amount of information we can get from satellites, so we're just kinda helping that. So tracking the trees over time, so you don't wanna just take a picture of the tree once and never go back, if you do it every couple months, maybe like twice a year, and just go back to that same spot, that just builds on that data for that spot, so it is very, very easy to do. Here's the mosquito habitat mapper, so you're documenting mosquito habitats and identifying the mosquito types. They are a huge health risk, we have a lot of people, millions of people all around the world who die of mosquito-borne illnesses, not just the United States. There are countries that have to have mosquito nets on their beds at night, so it is really, really important that we know this, especially with Zika and West Nile, now that those are in the United States. So this helps identify where those mosquitoes are gathering where you live or where you're visiting, so it is a very highly targeted local, ground based observation. Now, so I was telling you about the data, so the data is all available, and NASA has created this visualization tool in order for you to graph and map and filter, and you can export all of this data that has been accumulated since 1995, so let's just take a quick look here. You can pick anything that you want, so I'm looking at today, we back up, we can look at October 13th, 2018, what do we want to look at? If we look at all of these different – so under atmosphere, this data has been gathered for all of these topics, so clouds, and then it goes even deeper, so that's a lot of data that has been accumulated, but if we just do cloud cover and submit, it's showing the cloud cover that has been people using the app and reported it, this is what the cloud cover is. So you can see from sunny in Texas to very cloudy in the Northeast, or partly cloudy in the U.K., here it's maybe storming or night time? Let's see what it tells us.

[Georgeann Moss]:  We have a question from Harold, he asks, so most of the data is self-reported and then your phone helps with the rest?

[Lori Delacruz Lewis]:  So you are entering the data through the app on your phone, so as you are taking these measurements and saying yes, it's cloudy, and entering the information that app is asking for, all of that data goes into the reporting mechanism and is almost instantaneously available. So some of it just seems like, really? They'd wanna know that? But when you look at the bigger picture of all of the questions they're asking, it starts to make sense on the picture that they are building, the research questions that they're asking, and a lot of times they're asking many research questions, and so your data is being used by a lot of different scientists to answer specific research questions. So this one that I clicked on, does that answer your question, Harold? Yes, fantastic. So here, the one that I clicked on here, this is, it's foggy, its total cloud cover is obscured, we can look at the counts that have been done with this information, here is the person who has been doing this, here is their longitude and latitude and elevation with a school, and then there's the picture that goes along with it. So all the way back to 1995, so 25 years' worth of data is at your fingertips, and I just showed you all of the different data that you can look at. So please explore that, it is really, really vital that we help out with that. Teachers, if we have any teachers in the audience or if you know of anybody who's a teacher, just yesterday I was in the right place at the right time. The GLOBE program has launched an e-learning tutorial series for teachers, it is absolutely free, and they can become certified. There are 49 training modules and they are all available just by going, clicking on this link here. So that just launched yesterday, so timing is everything. Then in June, there's another group that's affiliated with NASA called UCAR, which is the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research, they provide an abundance of educational materials for K12 and college level for your university level educational materials for the classroom. Fabulous group, they have just put out 'help K12 students learn about the Earth from home', so it's a whole new group of tutorials for the parents out there who are now teachers, who are doing the homeschooling or helping their children with Zoom school, so lots of really great resources. Now this one was really cool, I am really excited about trying this one out, I've not done this one but I'm really excited. So you can put this app on your phone and it will continuously collect data about the Earth's magnetic field, so if you're like okay, what does that have to do with anything? Well, it marks – let's watch the video, 'cause I am not gonna do this justice, trying to explain what this is, it's just two minutes.

[Speaker A]:  Hi, I'm [name unclear] a geophysicist at NOAA. Are you an outdoors person? Do you walk your dog, run, hike, or ride a bicycle? You can help us [unintelligible] and improve navigation.

[Speaker B]:  Did you know the smartphone you carry with you [unintelligible]? When you're out walking or riding a bike, your phone sees the world in ways you probably can't imagine. Behind me are the Earth's magnetic field lines, and your smartphone can see them.

[Speaker C]:  Your phone also sees local magnetic [unintelligible], like bridges, [unintelligible] and other metal objects. We want to map these local [unintelligible] for that, we need [unintelligible]. Crowdsourcing data collection will improve navigation, and it makes you our citizen scientist. Collecting magnetic data is a slow and local task. Crowdsourcing with [unintelligible] is the only way we can cover large regions. [unintelligible] Everywhere you go, you'll send us [unintelligible] Our immediate plan is to release the world's first magnetic field model developed entirely using crowdsourced data from phone users like you.

[Lori Delacruz Lewis]:  So there we go, so that was about a minute. Is that not the coolest thing? And I mean, this is the easiest app. All you have to do is turn on the app and just go about your life, and it tracks all of this data, and I really like the fact that it is completely anonymous. I think that is really important in these days of concerns about privacy. So now, the thing I don't know because I haven't tried it, so if you try this out, let me know, I don't know how it affects the battery life on your phone. So I remember when I had a step tracker on my phone, back before Apple did all that stuff and had all the fancy watches and things, it drained the battery on my phone just in like three or four hours, so that's my only concern about this. Otherwise, wow, so cool, such neat stuff, and all you have to do is – we take our phones everywhere anyway, so let's be citizen scientists while we're doing it, so it's very, very neat. Another one that NOAA's doing is something called MPING, and I thought that's an odd name but what it stands for is Meteorological Phenomena Identification Near the Ground, so there you go, that's what that stands for, and what it is is you are just telling NOAA what the weather is like outside your house. Weather radar a lot of times can't tell what's happening on the ground. They can see that there is moisture in the clouds and there might be a storm, but they won't know if it's really raining or if it's sleeting or if it's hailing or snowing, they can't tell what's happening on the ground, so you can contribute to that. Now this image that you see right here, this is an actual livestream from their website, so all the green places, all the green little raindrops, it is raining there right now, so if it were raining here, we would be having lots of raindrops around us, so you can see what the weather is like in the United States, it's not global, but just the United States. It's really, really cool to watch that. There's also a video that you can watch that talks about the importance and how the app works, and it's just walking outside and taking a picture and saying what the weather's doing, so that one's super cool. This Earth Challenge one, this is the one that's done by the Earth Day International and the U.S. State Department. This just launched in celebration of the 50th anniversary of Earth Day in April, and it is one of the easiest apps that I have found to use. It has four apps inside of it, kinda like the NASA GLOBE Observer. This one, you download one app and it has four sections to it and you can do whichever one you want. So there's an app for tracking plastic pollution, there's one to track air quality, so you're taking pictures and you're talking about the air quality where you are, bee populations – now, it says insects on it, and I haven't played with it enough, but all the videos seem to be about bees, which is really important because of the pollinators, and then the food supply. So those are the four sections that are in there now, they're working on adding more, but those are the four that are live right now. So the plastic pollution is a global endeavor, and the cool thing – this is another live image, this is a live map where you can click on anywhere in the map and it tells you, in the United States, these are the top 10 plastic pollution elements in the United States. So 21% of the plastic pollution in the United States that has been tracked is foam plastic, so styrofoam. It's light, it can blow, it can be moved by wind and water, and it's everywhere, and then cigarette butts come in second, so it's all really, really interesting data. But you know the emphasis on straws? Oh, we can't do straws anymore - straws are down here at #9, so you know. Take out of that what you will, but this is for anywhere in the world. In Brazil, the highest one is cigarette butts, at 31%. So now the neat thing is that we can zoom in on this live map and we can see where litter cleanups have happened. So all of these blue dots are litter cleanups that have happened, and the people who held these report out what they picked up. So if we look at this, this is done in Okaloosa County, Florida, they did a beach cleanup, they collected 31 items, 17 of those were plastic foam fishing items, so a lot of – I mean it gets very specific on what they picked up, so all of this data is out there, and the trick is, you have to zoom in to see this. Most of these happen along rivers, and then along the coastlines, so this is global, so you can take a look at these globally. So what you're doing is you're just taking a picture of the plastic pollution, uploading it to the app, and then all that data goes up there and they're tracking the amount of plastic pollution that is heading toward the sea. So this is a screenshot of what that app looks like when you open up that section, super simple. Report pollution, add media, done, really easy. Air quality? This is a picture from San Francisco, actually, this is from the east bay of San Francisco, that I found. So you know, we have our issues with air quality here in Dallas Fort Worth, we have been a non-attainment air quality zone since 1992, our air pollution has gotten better – or no, maybe that's not the way to say that. Our air pollution's not as bad as it used to be, but it's still not as good as it should be, so [audio malfunction] good illustration of what – this is what we see when we drive to work in the mornings a lot of time in the summer. So this app helps you track the air quality where you are, and it tracks the 2.5 parts per million, those are the pieces that can really cause a lot of damage when they get into your lungs, so this is an important data collector to have. So that's what that app is, report air quality, add media, boom, done. Here's the one about bees, so the cool thing about this is that the better you get at taking pictures of the bees, it will teach you how to identify the bees. So this is actually, I think, a carpenter bee, I had no idea that was a thing, but it says here from their website that in 2019, 40.7% of the honeybee colonies were lost during the winter in the United States. We rely on these pollinators to pollinate our food crops. It will be an ugly, ugly day when we no longer have pollinators to pollinate our food, so it is really tragic and we need the data to protect these species. So based on what the organization learns about through the bee campaign, they will improve education and outreach materials that they will share back with the public. So report insect, add media, done. Oh, and you do have a classify – so you can learn how to identify them, and then once you get good at it, you can actually classify them in the app, and then the food supply one is really unusual. It's showing you pictures of land that has some kind of crop on it, and you get to decide through this little interactive mechanism whether it is corn, sunflowers, rice, wheat, sorghum, or soybean, and then also 'I don't know' is one of the choices too. So it's just going through, you're just swiping – you could do this at home – you're just swiping through pictures and you're just trying to identify them, and then all that data is geolocated and so all of that – kinda like Google Street view, how all of that is geolocated, that's kinda what this is doing, so it really, really helps. There is a second app that you have to download as part of this that provides the pictures, but it's no big deal. So it is really, really neat, and they're talking about adding other crops over time, but those are the ones that they're focusing on right now because those are the ones that feed the world. And then this is the food supply widget, it's not showing, I tried to grab the really cool graphic but it just didn't work well. Now this one, Debris Tracker, is also a plastic pollution tracker, but it is much more comprehensive and in depth than the Earth Challenge one, so if you're looking for simplicity, the Earth Challenge one, but if you're looking for some really specific data, this is the one that you want. Now you also want to watch the video, it is very in depth video, there's a lot of steps, but the data is much more accurate. So just depends on which one, you know, how deep a dive you want to do, so it's also a very, very good app, and that one's from National Geographic. So I found this actually just last night when I was putting the finishing touches on this, if you're interested or intrigued by mapping light pollution, there is a citizen science project for you. This is an actual live map of all of the entries that have happened globally in the last few hours, and what you do is – I have a link to it, of course – but during every month, this group specifies a window of days and they tell you which constellations that you need to go outside and find. So you really need two apps, you need a night sky app that you can hold up and shows you the constellations, and then you need this one to do the reporting. So what you're doing is, you are telling them how easy is it for you to see the stars in that constellation, and that helps determine the light pollution. So if it's really easy to see the faintest star, the light pollution's not bad, but if you're not seeing all of the stars, then it's probably because of all of the light pollution in the area. And of course, you can go out in the middle of nowhere and do this and you're gonna have much better results, and it'll be geolocated for that so they'll know, you know, oh, there's no lights, and actually when you put it in, some of the details in these reports, you can click on these, some of the details are very, very specific. There was one where it was saying, oh yeah, there's two street lights down the street and the farmer down the street had a couple lanterns in his front yard, and so it's very, very specific. And of course here, you can tell that's out in the middle of nowhere out in West Texas, so they don't have a lot of light pollution out there, whereas in Dallas we have quite a bit. So you can check out all of these, this is live, and you can check it out right through the story map [audio malfunction] at the end. So October 8th through 17th, you're looking for these two constellations, November 7th through 16th and December 6th through 15th, these are the Northern Hemisphere constellations, they also have the Southern Hemisphere constellations and they already have the dates and constellations up for 2021 if you wanna check that out, and then there's a really cool video on how this is done, and so this is the accumulated data that you can download and research to your heart's delight. Lots of infographics and interactive data maps. So that's all the stuff that's outside. Now, if you wanna stay inside, you can map coral reefs from your phone or your iPad. Now this is the one app I found that does not work on Windows or Android. The site does have a Windows beta that you can download to use on your computer. I'm all Mac based, so I don't know if it works, so if you try it, let me know. But this is taking and game-ifying the identification of coral reefs, actual satellite images of coral reefs. You will learn how to identify what kind of coral reefs, you'll learn how to identify beaches, and when you submit this data, you are training a NASA computer how to do it itself, so this is machine learning, that all the information that you're generating through this game goes to this computer and the computer is learning how to identify the coral reefs from satellite images itself, so it is really, really cool. Now the website, I'd be really picky about what kind of information I grab from that 'cause it was really complicated, but if you're into that, man, it was fascinating, all of the technology that they use to generate the images and the problems that they have with waves and light refractions and – wow, science, geeking, nerd-dom, so it's wonderful, so this is one you can do inside. The one you can do outside, this has got an enormous community. I've participated in some of this, this is humanitarian mapping, so it's absolutely free, anybody can do it, it has beginner, intermediate and advanced levels, there are videos that will teach you how to do it, but what you're doing is you are helping humanitarian aid organizations get to people in times of drought, disaster, landslides, earthquakes, tsunamis. We are helping map buildings, roadways, hospitals, schools, anything that can help during a disaster or a horrible – I mean, there's even ones for helping rural remote villages on the African continent during COVID-19, so there are things you can do right now and it is so wonderful to be part of this team, it is – and there are projects all over the world. So what you're doing is you are mapping, then there are more advanced people in the group who do the validation of that mapping, and then they use the data, and that data is being used by the American Red Cross, Doctors Without Borders, USAID, and many others from all over the world use this data. So the ones that I've found right now for beginners that you can do, you can map roads for food security in the Philippines, you can map roads, water and land use in Mali for COVID-19 response, you can map landslide risks in Uganda, and then you can map buildings in Indonesia to forecast future disaster impacts from hurricanes. There are hundreds of these projects all going on at the same time. You can filter, you can pick what kind of things you're looking for if you have a specific interest or specific country, and you are just given a square of satellite imagery and you draw the road, you put a square around the building and when you're all finished you submit it and then they send you another one, and that's it. You can spend hours doing this, and a lot of people do, it's really useful for aid projects, so I highly recommend it. This is the HOT, which is Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team, so OpenStreetMap is all one word, and this is – Google Maps uses  OpenStreetMaps, that's their base map, so you use it every day, you just didn't know it, so now you can really get in and help people. So wow, those are all the apps I have, but there's more. So if you didn't see something that just wants to get you out and doing science on your cellphone, there are treasure troves of opportunities out there. Citizenscience.gov is run by the federal government, they have a NASA landslide reporter you can do, Smoke Sense by the EPA – that's actually been going on I think since 2017, but it's really important now – Water Level, the Great Backyard Bird Count is also done by the Audubon Society, so it's just – that could be more site specific, there are some in there that are like, this is only being done in Hawaii or this is only being done in Pennsylvania, so just be sure to look. Citizenscience.org is the organization, they host a lot of webinars that are really wonderful if you really wanna get into citizen science, but they just help unite the expertise around citizen science and help speed up innovation, and then scistarter.org is actually where I found the nighttime thing, just like around midnight when I was putting the finishing touches on, so I had to go back and add it in. So lots and lots of cool things, online citizen hub with more than 3,000 projects, so there is no excuse to not be involved in citizen science, and I hope you tell everybody you know. It's perfect for your family, it's perfect for a classroom – socially distanced, of course – group projects, church groups, Girl Scouts, Boy Scouts, just really any kind of group that you want to help forward science and propel science and provide data. So that is all I have, I have seven minutes left, so timing is everything. Any questions?

[Georgeann Moss]:  Thank you Lori, that was wonderful, and now we will see if we have any more questions coming in. i'll just go ahead and remind people that this webinar will be posted on our website in about two weeks, dcccd.edu/sustainability, and if you'd like a copy of Lori's story map, please email her at ldelacruz@dcccd.edu. We hope that you guys will join us next week for our introduction to solar electricity webinar, that's with Paul Westbrook, and in case you're interested, Paul's 100% solar powered home is going to be on tour on a virtual tour this Saturday, October 3rd, and you can learn more about that at dfwsolartour.com. So Dallas College is a Terawatt sponsor of that tour and we'll be answering questions during two different Q&A sessions, and so if you're interested in our renewable energy plans and our commitment to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050, join us on Saturday, October 3rd at the DFW Solar Tour.

[Lori Delacruz Lewis]:  Georgeann?

[Georgeann Moss]:  Yes.

[Lori Delacruz Lewis]:  I actually put the link to this presentation, it's in the chat, you can access it right now.

[Georgeann Moss]:  Wonderful.

[Lori Delacruz Lewis]:  Share freely, share wherever you want. Knowledge is power.

[Georgeann Moss]:  Good, so I am not seeing anymore questions, let me check one last time, and so Minu says, I'm elated to share this, ladies, so thank you.

[Lori Delacruz Lewis]:  Fantastic, thank you. And you know, let us know what you end up doing. I would love to have stories to tell about people who have done some of these and your experiences and what you like about the app and what you don't like about the app and some of the really cool things that you find. I think it'd be amazing to do a whole workshop on that, so please let us know how it goes. Thanks, appreciate that.

[Georgeann Moss]:  Okay, well thank you so much for joining us today, we hope to see you next week.

[Lori Delacruz Lewis]:  Thanks guys, have a great week.

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