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Commercial Driver - A Commercial Driver is an employee and/or volunteer who has a Commercial Drivers License (CDL) and who operates a Commercial Motor Vehicle (CMV) on a routine, intermittent or occasional basis (even once a year and/or possibly during the year).
Commercial Vehicle - A motor vehicle used to transport passengers or property if it:
Types of testing required for commercial drivers:Pre-Employment ~ Drugs OnlyPost-Accident ~ Drugs and AlcoholReasonable Suspicion ~ Drugs and/or AlcoholRandom Testing ~ Drugs and/or AlcoholReturn-to-Duty Testing ~ Drugs and/or AlcoholFollow-Up ~ Drugs and/or Alcohol
Pre-Employment TestingThe District will require a drug test for any final applicant for a commercial driver position or any employee that, as a result of expanded duties, must obtain a CDL.
Testing ProceduresThe Driver's supervisor will coordinate with the SCO to arrange testing.
The driver will report to the testing site at the arranged time with the District Alcohol/Drug Testing Authorization Form, and a Federal Drug Testing Custody and Control Form for testing.
The Medical Review Officer (MRO) will advise the SCO of the test results.
The SCO will advise the supervisor of the test result.The supervisor will advise the driver whether or not he or she will be hired or allowed to expand their current duties to include driving a CMV after receiving the results of the drug test.
Post-Accident Testing The District will require an alcohol and drug test for any commercial driver operating a commercial vehicle that is directly involved in a serious accident which results in one or more of the following:
Post accident testing must be accomplished according to the following schedule:
A commercial driver will immediately notify their supervisor of any accident involving a commercial motor vehicle.The supervisor will:
The SCO will:
Alcohol TestsThe supervisor will:
If the alcohol test result is .02 percent or greater, but less than .04 percent the supervisor will:
If an alcohol test is .04 percent or greater the supervisor will:
Drug TestsThe MRO will advise the SCO of drug test results by phone.The SCO will advise the driver's supervisor of the test result.The supervisor will:
Federal regulations require documentation of any accident that fits the criteria for a post-accident test. This includes documentation on all tests administered as well as tests that should have been administered but were not due to extenuating circumstances.
Randum TestingAll commercial drivers for the district will be randomly tested for alcohol and drugs following federal regulatory guidelines at the discretion of the SCO.The SCO will notify the supervisor of:
Notification of the supervisor will take place at least the afternoon before the test date.The supervisor will notify the driver(s):
The Breath Alcohol Technician will immediately notify the supervisor and SCO of alcohol test results.
Alcohol TestsIf the alcohol test result is .02 percent or greater, but less than .04 percent the supervisor will:
If an alcohol test is .04% or greater the supervisor will:tell the driver that he/she will have to take sick leave, vacation leave or leave without pay (if no sick or vacation leave is accrued) for the rest of the day, but to report to work the next workday as usual.
The MRO will advise the SCO of drug test results by phone.
The SCO will advise the driver's supervisor of the test result.The supervisor will:
Discussions with employees and his or her supervisor about random test results must be done privately. It is inappropriate for anyone to discuss test results with a group. This is a serious breach of confidentiality and in some situations could result in disciplinary actions being taken against the employee who shared the information.
Return-To-Duty TestingDrivers will undergo a return-to-duty alcohol and/or drug test when directed by the EAP, prior to returning to driving. The driver must have an alcohol test result of less than .02 percent and/or a drug test with a verified negative result. The procedures for this are outlined below.
The EAP will:
The supervisor will tell the driver:
The MRO will call the SCO to give return-to-duty test results.The SCO will advise the EAP of alcohol and/or drug test results.
The EAP will start the process for fitness-for-duty letters.
Follow-Up Testing Drivers will undergo follow-up testing for a period of up to 60 months following their return to duty. At a minimum, this will consist of 6 tests in the first 12 months following the driver's return to duty. The procedures for this are outlined below.The EAP will:
The SCO will determine the specific dates for follow-up testing in accordance with the EAP's follow-up testing schedule.The SCO will tell the driver's supervisor:
Supervisors will be notified of this information the afternoon before the driver will be tested.The supervisor will tell the driver:
The MRO will call the SCO to give follow-up test results.The SCO will advise the EAP of alcohol and/ or drug test results.
Reasonable Suspicion TestingDrivers will undergo reasonable suspicion testing if based on evidence and/or a reasonable belief by a supervisor that has been trained in the detection of alcohol and illegal drug use, that the commercial driver has used alcohol or illegal drugs. The belief must be based on specific, contemporaneous, articulable observations concerning the appearance, behavior, speech, body odors, or performance indicators of the driver.
Making a reasonable suspicion determination also requires some evidence of probable linkage between behavior or events and alcohol or illegal drug use on the job or the performance of duties under the influence of alcohol or illegal drugs. The supervisor must show that there are objective facts pointing to alcohol or drug affected behavior which causes a work related problem. Reasonable cause testing will not be conducted unless the supervisor documents work performance problems or physical or behavioral indicators of alcohol or drug use. The SCO must authorize any reasonable suspicion test. The procedures for this are outlined below.The supervisor will:
The MRO will advise the SCO of drug test results by phone.The SCO will advise the driver's supervisor of the test result.The supervisor will:
Confronting the Driver
If a supervisor observes the presence of physical or behavioral signs and symptoms of alcohol or drug use, the supervisor should:
Mandatory Referrals It is mandatory for Drivers, engage in actions prohibited by federal regulations, to refer to Employee Assistance Program (EAP).
The procedures for making a mandatory referral are described below.
The Substance Control Officer (SCO) will:
The EAP will notify the SCO:
The EAP will ensure that successful completion of treatment, including aftercare, is certified in writing to the SCO.
The SCO will coordinate with the EAP, as needed, to ensure that supervisors are aware of the driver's compliance with the mandatory referral.
Failure to Successfully Complete Treatment
Employee who are mandatorily referred to the EAP will be subject to disciplinary action from the district if they fail to report to the EAP or fail to successfully complete treatment.
Recurrence of Substance Abuse after Successful Completion of Treatment
If a driver violates any of the prohibitions listed a second time, he or she will be subject to disciplinary action up to and including termination.
A commercial driver will be subject to disciplinary action up to and including termination if: